Glaucoma

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eye rises to a level higher than healthy for that eye. If untreated, it may damage the optic nerve, causing the loss of vision or even blindness.

Who is at greatest risk?

Pressure alone does not necessarily mean you have glaucoma.  Your Ophthalmologist puts together various kinds of information to determine your risk.

Risk Factors:

Age
Family history of Glaucoma
African decent
History of Anemia
Previous injuries to the eye
Nearsightedness

Treatment of Glaucoma

The treatment of glaucoma may include medication, surgery, or laser surgery. Eye drops or pills alone can usually control glaucoma, although they cannot cure it. Some drugs are designed to reduce pressure by slowing the flow of fluid into the eye, while others help to improve fluid drainage. Surgery to help fluid escape from the eye, and laser surgery is now often used for the same purpose. In laser surgery for glaucoma, a laser beam of light is focused on the part of the anterior chamber where the fluid leaves the eye. This results in a series of small changes, making it easier for fluid to exit. Over time, the effect of laser surgery may wear off.