Macular Degeneration

What is Macular Degeneration?

Macular Degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness in Americans over the age of 60. It occurs when the center part of the retina, called the macula, begins to deteriorate. The retina is the light-sensing nerve tissue at the back of the eye. Because the disease develops as a person ages, it is often referred to as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Although macular degeneration is almost never a totally blinding condition, it can be a source of significant visual disability.

Types of Macular degeneration

Dry Macular Degeneration: Most people have “dry” macular degeneration. It is caused by aging and thinning of tissues in the macula and the vision loss is gradual.

Wet Macular Degeneration: “Wet” accounts for about 10% of all cases. It occurs when abnormal blood vessels form at the back of the eye. These blood vessels leak fluid or blood and blur the center of your vision. Vision loss is severe and rapid.

Symptoms of Macular degeneration

It may not have symptoms and may be unrecognized until it progresses or affects both eyes. The first sign of is usually a dim, blurry spot in the middle of your vision. This spot may get bigger or darker over time. It may also include a diminished or changed perception to color.

Risk Factors

Family history
Smoking
High Blood Pressure
High Cholesterol
Obesity
Being fair skinned
Being female
Having a light eye color