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Visual Impairment, What Could it Be?

The structure and function of the eye are relatively complex, which means many eye conditions can cause discomfort and impair your vision. If you are experiencing visual impairment, it’s best to get the issue examined as soon as possible. At Nevada Eye Physicians, we hope to keep patients educated about the different symptoms they experience that could be potentially impairing their vision and how to get treated before something more serious such as vision loss occurs. Learn more by reading below or reach out to our office in Las Vegas, NV, or any of our other locations across Nevada including Henderson, Boulder City, Mesquite and Pahrump for a consultation. 


Cataracts 


The lens of the eye is made of protein and water. When the protein begins to gather due to age, cataracts occur. Cataracts are the clouding of the usually transparent lens, creating blurry or hazy vision. While not painful, this condition can prevent you from seeing clearly while reading or driving. If you have cataracts, the light from the sun may seem bright or glaring. It may also seem as if you are looking through cloudy glass. You could improve your vision through glasses, bifocals, or appropriate lighting. A simple surgery may also be an option for cataract treatment in Las Vegas or other areas of Nevada if it has progressed enough to affect your daily life. 


Glaucoma 


Glaucoma is the result of the high pressure of fluid in the eye when it causes damage to the optic nerve. The fluid normally flows away, but if the passage is blocked, the pressure continues to build up. When untreated, this can cause permanent loss of vision or blindness. Glaucoma is common in older adults and unfortunately does not have any early warning signs. Symptoms include blurred vision, halos around the eyes, blind spots in your peripheral or central vision, or sudden and severe eye pain. Glaucoma in Las Vegas patients can be treated through prescription eye drops, laser treatment, or surgery. 


Diabetic Retinopathy


Individuals who have been diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes are at higher risk for diabetic retinopathy. When patients have consistently high blood sugar, this can damage the blood vessels in the retina. This includes the formation of abnormal blood vessels or normal ones that leak or swell. When untreated, symptoms can worsen over time, leading to blindness. Manage diabetic retinopathy by keeping your blood sugar and cholesterol at healthy levels along with a diet and exercise plan approved by your primary physician. We may prescribe you with corticosteroids to help you alleviate specific symptoms such as inflammation.  


Macular Degeneration


Macular degeneration happens when the macula, or center of the retina, begins to deteriorate. While the cause of this condition is unknown, macular degeneration may cause you to lose your central vision. The disease progresses as you age, but can be addressed with medications, laser therapy, visual aids, and more at any of Nevada Eye Physicians eight locations across the state, including Las Vegas, Henderson, Boulder City, Mesquite, and Pahrump. Though patients are unlikely to lose all of their eyesight due to macular degeneration, timely treatment is still essential to help increase your chances of preserving your vision. 


Myopia


The common name for myopia is nearsightedness. Those who are nearsighted have difficulty seeing distant objects like road signs but have no problem viewing things up close, like a computer screen or book. Myopia occurs when the cornea or lens is too curved, or when the eyeball is longer than normal, causing light to focus in front of the retina instead of the surface. Signs that you have myopia include eye strain and squinting, which can lead to headaches. If you feel fatigued while driving or playing sports, you may need glasses or contacts to correct this issue. 


Hyperopia


Hyperopia, or farsightedness, is the opposite of nearsightedness. You may see distant objects very clearly, but have some difficulty focusing on objects up close. While driving a car is easy, reading a book may be more difficult. Hyperopia occurs when the eyeball is shorter than normal. This causes the light rays to enter the eye behind the retina instead of directly on it. Though some children will outgrow hyperopia as their eyeball lengthens, many adults still suffer from this condition and will need corrective treatment such as glasses or contacts for daily tasks. 


Astigmatism


A common cause of blurry vision in Nevada-area patients, astigmatism occurs when the cornea or the lens is irregularly shaped. This prevents light from focusing on the retina at the back of the eye. As a result, your vision will seem blurry at any distance. Patients can have astigmatism together with myopia or hyperopia since all conditions are due to refractive errors in how the eyes bend light. Astigmatism can be hereditary and can increase or decrease in intensity over time. It is difficult to diagnose astigmatism unless a knowledgable physician sees you.  


Presbyopia


Presbyopia is when you slowly lose the ability to see objects up close. As a normal part of aging, you may notice presbyopia after the age of 40. You may find that reading materials are challenging to see, and as a result, hold them farther away. While there is no way to stop presbyopia, you can get corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses to see more clearly. Some surgeries can help if you are diagnosed with presbyopia. When untreated, you may develop eye strain and headaches. 


When caught and treated early, many eye conditions can be managed easily before it advances to vision loss. If you have sudden or unusual symptoms such as dry eyes, irritation, itchy eyes, or if you have trouble seeing, an immediate eye exam is necessary. With eight locations across the state, Nevada Eye Physicians uses advanced technology to pinpoint the issue and determine the best treatment plan moving forward. Contact our offices in areas including Las Vegas, Henderson, Boulder City, Mesquite, and Pahrump to learn more about our services for impaired vision. 


* All information subject to change. Images may contain models. Individual results are not guaranteed and may vary.